Thursday, September 3, 2020
What is hierarchical culture - Essay Example As such, the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture assumes a critical job in forming the conduct of the individuals working in that specific organization. The way of life of the association likewise assumes a significant job in making part personality where representatives are in a situation to relate to the entire association as opposed to their activity positions or nature of calling. Accentuation is put on the part of aggregate personality not independence since the point of each association is to accomplish certain objectives and goals. This must be conceivable if there is collaboration of the endeavors surprisingly utilized in this specific association. The part of authoritative culture is additionally used to practice control in the association where rules and guidelines are utilized to shape the conduct of the representatives with the goal that they comply with the normal measures at their working environment. Another significant perspective identified with the issue of authoritative culture is that work exercises in the association are sorted out around bunches as opposed to people. The accomplishment of any association is for the most part dictated by its way of life since it shapes the conduct of the representatives who are liable for executing various assignments that are planned towards the fulfillment of the set objectives and destinations of the
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Establishment is the main novel in Isaac AsimovÃ¢â¬â¢s Foundation Trilogy (later ventured into The Foundation Series). Establishment is an assortment of five short stories, which were first distributed all together by Gnome Press in 1951 which, together, structure a solitary plot. Establishment saw various publicationsÃ¢â¬it additionally showed up in 1955 as a major aspect of Ace Double D-110 under the title Ã¢â¬Å"The 1,000-Year PlanÃ¢â¬ . Four of the tales were initially distributed inAstounding Magazine (with various titles) somewhere in the range of 1942 and 1944, and the fifth was included when they originally showed up in book structure. A further two books of short stories were distributed soon after, and decades later, Asimov composed two further spin-off books and two prequels. Later essayists have added approved stories to the arrangement. The Foundation Series is frequently viewed as one of Isaac AsimovÃ¢â¬â¢s best works, alongside his Robot arrangement. Plot rundown Establishment recounts to the account of a gathering of researchers who try to save information as the human advancements around them start to relapse. The Psychohistorians (0 F.E.) (First distributed as the book version in 1951) Set in the year 0 F.E., The Psychohistorians opens on Trantor, the capital of the 12,000-year-old Galactic Empire. In spite of the fact that the domain seems steady and incredible, it is gradually rotting in manners that equal the decay of the Western Roman Empire. Hari Seldon, a mathematician and therapist, has created psychohistory, another field of science and brain science that compares all prospects in enormous social orders to arithmetic, taking into consideration the expectation of future occasions. Utilizing psychohistory, Seldon has found the declining idea of the Empire, irritated the distinguished individuals from the Committee of Public Safety, the accepted leaders of the Empire. The Committee considers SeldonÃ¢â¬â¢s perspectives and proclamations treasonous, and he is captured alongside youthful mathematician Gaal Dornick, who has shown up on Trantor to meet Seldon. Seldon is attempted by the Committee and protects his convictions, clarifying his speculations and expectations, including his conviction that the Empire will fall in 500 years and enter a 30,000-year dim age, to the CommitteeÃ¢â¬â¢s individuals. He educates the Committee that an option in contrast to this future is feasible, and discloses to them that making an abridgment of all human information, the Encyclopedia Galactica, would not turn away the unavoidable fall of the Empire yet would lessen the dull age to one thousand years. The distrustful Committee, not having any desire to make Seldon a saint, offers him outcast to a remote world, Terminus, with other people who could assist him with making the Encyclopedia. He acknowledges their offer, gets ready for the takeoff of the Ã¢â¬Å"EncyclopedistsÃ¢â¬ and gets a magnificent declaration formally recognizing his activities. The Encyclopedists (50 F.E.) (distributed May 1942 as Ã¢â¬Å"FoundationÃ¢â¬ ) Set in 50 F.E., The Encyclopedists starts on Terminus, which has no mineral assets however one district appropriate for the advancement of huge city, named Terminus City. The state of experts, dedicated to the making of the Encyclopedia, is overseen by the Board of Trustees of the Encyclopedia Galactica Foundation, made exclusively out of researchers. The issues of Terminus City itself are taken care of by the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s chairman, Salvor Hardin, who is practically weak because of the impact of the Board of Trustees. Be that as it may, Hardin doesn't acknowledge business as usual, which he accepts places Terminus at risk for political abuse by the neighboring regents of the Empire, which have announced autonomy and cut off contact with Trantor. Hardin, perceiving the fast approaching ruin of supreme force because of the loss of the EmpireÃ¢â¬â¢s peripheral area, concludes that the best way to guarantee TerminusÃ¢â¬â¢s proceeded with endurance is to pit the four neighboring Ã¢â ¬Å"kingdomsÃ¢â¬ against each other. Hardin figures out how to maintain a strategic distance from an endeavor by the Kingdom of Anacreon to build up army installations on Terminus and to exploit atomic force, which Terminus holds yet which the Four Kingdoms don't. Hardin prevails with regards to occupying Anacreon from its underlying objective and promotes his objective of the foundation of a stable political framework on Terminus. HardinÃ¢â¬â¢s endeavors, be that as it may, are still opposed by the Board of Trustees and its administrator, Dr. Louis Pirenne. To expel this snag, Hardin and his central consultant, Yohan Lee, plan an overthrow dÃ¢â¬â¢etat intended to expel the Board of Trustees from its politically incredible situation around the same time that, in the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s Time Vault, a holographic account of Hari Seldon is customized to play. The account will contain psychohistoric verification of HardinÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement or disappointment; Hardin understands that his overthrow is an extraordinary bet bec ause of the conceivable case that his convictions are contrary with SeldonÃ¢â¬â¢s unique objectives. The following day in the Time Vault the holographic video of Hari Seldon shows up. He is in his wheelchair and his voice is old and delicate. He uncovers that the Encyclopedia Galactica is an interruption proposed to make the colonyÃ¢â¬â¢s creation conceivable. The genuine reason for the Foundation is to shape one core of a Second Galactic Empire and abbreviate the anticipated time of confusion to an insignificant thousand years, as opposed to thirty thousand years. After the video closes, the Board of Trustees concedes they weren't right to Hardin and timetable a gathering to examine their next activity. Hardin grins, realizing they would be providing orders no more. Out there in Terminus City Yohan LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s men were at that point in charge. In two days time Anacreon would land in power, yet that was fine, in a half year they would be providing orders no longer too. Salvor Hardin had speculated the arrangement, and as Hari Seldon stated, it was self-evident. The Mayors (80 F.E.) (distributed June 1942 as Ã¢â¬Å"Bridle and SaddleÃ¢â¬ ) Set in 80 F.E., three decades after the occasions of The Encyclopedists, The Mayors is set in a period where the Encyclopedia FoundationÃ¢â¬â¢s logical comprehension has given it critical influence over the Four Kingdoms, however it is as yet segregated from the Galactic Empire. Practicing its command over the locale through a counterfeit religion, Scientism, the Foundation imparts its innovation to the Four Kingdoms while alluding to it as strict truth. Support experts include ScientismÃ¢â¬â¢s ministry, prepared on Terminus. A larger part of the clerics themselves are uninformed of the genuine significance of their Ã¢â¬Å"religionÃ¢â¬ , alluding to trend setting innovation as Ã¢â¬Å"holy foodÃ¢â¬ . The religion isn't stifled by the mainstream world class of the Four Kingdoms, reminscient of Western European leaders of the early medieval period, who use it to solidify their control over the energetic masses. Salvor Hardin, as Mayor of Terminus City, is the viable leader of th e Foundation, and has been reappointed as chairman ceaselessly since his political triumph over the Encyclopedia Galactica Board of Trustees. Be that as it may, his impact is out of nowhere checked by another political development drove by city councilor Sef Sermak, which supports direct activity against the Four Kingdoms and an end of the logical converting energized by HardinÃ¢â¬â¢s organization. The development, whose supporters allude to themselves as Actionists, is uncontrollably well known, and Hardin can't mollify Sermak and the Actionist authority. The realm that is most worried to the Actionists is that of Anacreon, managed by Prince Regent Wienis and his nephew, the teenaged King Lepold I. Wienis plans to oust the FoundationÃ¢â¬â¢s power by propelling an immediate military attack against Terminus, utilizing a deserted Imperial space cruiser overhauled by Foundation specialists to fit the necessities of the world class Anacreonian naval force. Be that as it may, Hardin orders a few mystery mechanical gadgets to be consolidated into the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s structure before its finish. Wienis plans to dispatch his hostile the evening of his nephewÃ¢â¬â¢s crowning ritual as lord and sole leader of Anacreon. Hardin goes to the crowning liturgy function and is captured, yet has masterminded with Anacreonian High Priest Poly Verisof, who knows about the genuine idea of Scientism, to encourage a well known uprising against Wienis. Persuading the Anacreonian people that an ambush against the Foundation and Terminus is godless, Verisof drives an irritated crowd to the illustrious royal residence and encompasses it, requesting HardinÃ¢â¬â¢s discharge. Then, the group of the space cruiser insurrections against its officer, Admiral Prince Lefkin, WienisÃ¢â¬â¢s child. Lefkin goes up against the double-crossers and, caught, is compelled to communicate a message to Anacreon requesting WienisÃ¢â¬â¢s capture and undermining a siege of th e regal royal residence if that and different requests are not met. Wienis, chafed by his disappointment, orders HardinÃ¢â¬â¢s execution, yet his regal sentries will not obey him. Endeavoring and coming up short, because of a defensive vitality field, to execute Hardin by and by, Wienis ends it all. Hardin is demonstrated right again upon his arrival to Terminus City by another Seldon recording, set to play at this date. Despite the fact that Actionists keep on holding a lot of intensity, an endeavor to reprimand the city hall leader falls flat and his notoriety is restored among the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s inhabitants. It is additionally affirmed by Hari Seldon that the FoundationÃ¢â¬â¢s quick neighbors, the Four Kingdoms, will currently be basically weak and unequipped for opposing ScientismÃ¢â¬â¢s advance. The Traders (Around 135 F.E.) (distributed October 1944 as Ã¢â¬Å"The WedgeÃ¢â¬ ) The occasions of The Traders are set around 135 F.E., at once during which the Foundation has extended extraordinarily and has conveyed formally authorized Traders to trade innovation with neighboring planets for what adds up to more noteworthy political and monetary force. Ace Trader Eskel Gorov, likewise a specialist of the Foundation government, has ventured out to the universes of Askone, where he would like to exchange nucleics. G
Friday, August 21, 2020
Tennessee Technological University Essay In picking the correct sort of University that form and sharpen one personÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities and aptitudes to endure the Ã¢â¬Å"real worldÃ¢â¬ , one must not just think about the scholarly quality given by the college, rather all angles that the college can add to the person. With my desire to turn into a software engineering authority, I picked TTU for a similar explanation as each one has, it has a solid believability as far as its various fields of study, and other curricular exercises that advance the prosperity of the person. I can not downfall the way that it was named as one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s 100 Best College Buys, which infers that the cash put resources into the training of an understudy is justified, despite all the trouble for the nature of instruction TTU has given. It has stayed on of state funded schools across the country, and viewed by the Princeton Review as the Best Southeastern College. With all the capabilities and quality of the school regarding quality training and teacher, one is just left with the feeling that in TTU, the establishment of genuine school scholastic accomplishment is for sure felt. The application procedure at TTU requires a practiced application structure that is promptly made accessible in pdf design on the web. A $15 application expense should likewise be paid. The universityÃ¢â¬â¢s affirmation likewise requires official transcripts of secondary school record be sent legitimately to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. To guarantee a solid prosperity of its understudies, TTU likewise expects candidates to present a cultivated Student Health Form, additionally made accessible on the web, and a structure for meningitis or hepatitis. I picked TTU as my college not just for the capability it has in its Department of Computer Science at the College of Arts and Sciences, yet additionally how it keeps up a domain that is protected and advantageous for its understudies to appreciate. Beside the various exercises spread out by the school, the grounds alone talks about how committed the college is in keeping up a solid situation for its understudies to appreciate. I depend TTU to form me into somebody better and satisfied, I picked TTU to assist me with satisfying my fantasies.
Tuesday, June 9, 2020
George Orwell, is a novelist, who is famous for his novel Nineteen Eighty-four. The novel 1984 is about a dystopian society that tells the story of Winston Smith and how is tries to rebel against the totalitarian state in which he lives. A dystopian novel is a society that is as dehumanizing and is uncomfortable to all that live in it. Orwell wrote 1984 to warn society about what would happen if we accept totalitarian governments into society. In comparison to the soviet union the book 1984 mimicked some ideas from Joseph stalin such as: torture, censorship and propaganda, a big political figure, Vaporizing or killing, and the secret police. Joseph Stalin started a campaign called the Great Purge or as some like to call it The Great Terror. This campaigns main motive was to all members of the communist party. More than millions were sent to labor camps and thousands were killed. During the great purge the began a thing called the moscow trials. The moscow trails were where those who were accused do being a traitor and spies were forced into confessing after being tortured and interrogated. Stalins terror and torture ultimately made everyone bow down to him. Similarly in 1984 acts of terror and torture were used to run Big Brothers dictatorship. The use of torture is direct parallel to the soviet union because In 1984 winston cried out to OÃ¢â¬â¢brien. Ã¢â¬Å"Do anything to me!Ã¢â¬ he yelled. Youve been starving me for weeks. Finish it off and let me die. Shoot me. Hang me. Sentence me to twenty-five years. Is there somebody else you want me to give away? Just say who it is and IÃ¢â¬â¢ll tell you anything you want. I dont care who it is or what you do to them.Ã¢â¬ (pg 236-237). While in the interrogation room winston stated that Ã¢â¬Å"there were five or six men in black uniforms at him simultaneously. Sometimes it was fists, sometimes it was truncheons, sometimes it was steel rods, and sometimes it was bootsÃ¢â¬ ¦.There were other times when he started out with the resolve of confessing nothing, when every word had to be forced out of him between gasps of painÃ¢â¬ (pg 240). In the soviet union the torture they went through were called , Ã¢â¬Å"The trials, which became known as the Moscow Trials, were clearly staged events. The accused admitted to being traitors and spies. Later, historians learned that the defendants agreed to these forced confessions only after being interrogated, threatened and tortured.Ã¢â¬ (history.com). Also,Ã¢â¬Å"StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s acts of terror and torture broke the Soviet peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s spirits and effectively eliminated certain groups of citizens, such as intellectuals and artists. His reign as dictator also made his people completely dependent on the state.Ã¢â¬ (history.com). In the book winston, Ã¢â¬Å" did not know whether the thing was really happening, or whether the effect was electrically produced, but his body was being wrenched out of shape, the joints were being slow torn apartÃ¢â¬ ¦ he set his teeth and breathed hard through his nose, trying to keep silent.. Ã¢â¬Å" you are afraidÃ¢â¬ said OÃ¢â¬â¢brienÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"that in any moment something is going to breakÃ¢â¬ ( pg 245). In the book the ministry of love was a building where people got tortured until they believed in big brother. It enforces loyalty to Big Brother through fear. Similar to the Soviet Union they they were tortured and brought to their lowest until they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t helped themselves and they were helpless. The torture influenced anyone who went through it to do anything. In the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin used censorship and propaganda to keep control of his citizens. To make sure revolts didnt happen Ã¢â¬Å"Stalin made sure that his regime was not criticised by having his close friends run the press.Ã¢â¬ also, Ã¢â¬Å" he had history books rewritten to put him in favourable light Ã¢â¬ ¦.He even had himself credited as the brains behind the reform of Russias economic condition during Lenins rule.Ã¢â¬ (sahistory). Because Stalin had control over the books and textbooks it gave him control over the youth. Later youth groups started popping up that train children in socialism and they were lead to believe that stalin is god like. In the soviet union,stalin used the cult of personality, As a way to hold Stalin to a higher pedestal than god. He wanted to make sure that anyone who doubted him was killed. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t erase peoples memory He rewrote history in his favor. The use of censorship and propaganda is a direct parallel to 1984 because in the book Winston said Ã¢â¬Å"if all records told the same tale then the lie passed into history and became truth. Who controls the past, ran the Party slogan, controls the future: who controls the present controls the past. Ã¢â¬ ¦..Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. Ã¢â¬ ¦.All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. Reality control, they called it: in Newspeak, doublethink. (1.3.18). Winstons jobs consisted of Ã¢â¬Å" continuous alteration Ã¢â¬ ¦.. to every kind of literature or documentation which might conceivably hold any political or ideological significance.Ã¢â¬ (1.4.8). In soviet union and INGSOC use censorship and propaganda in different ways to come out with the same result. In 1984, the work Winston does is to make the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s seem eternal and inevitable, by erasing any evidence of mistakes, poor decisions, and opportunities for the PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s actions to be criticized. Because of that it confuses the citizens and to make them doubt their own memory. Also, the Party also disrupts personal loyalties to anything other than the party. The downfall of being a dictator is not knowing who is following the rules at all times without having an inside man or group. Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who might oppose him. He expanded the powers of the secret police, encouraged citizens to spy on one another and had millions of people killed or sent to the Gulag system of forced labor camps. Joseph Stalin was notorious for seeking out people who opposed him and killing them. Ã¢â¬Å"In 1934, it became known as the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, which in Russian is abbreviated to NKVD. The main purpose of the NKVD was national security, and they made sure their presence was well known. People were arrested and sent to work camps for the most mundane things. Individuals would report on their friends and neighbors because they feared that the NKVD would come for them if they did not report suspicious activity.Ã¢â¬ (crime museum). Ã¢â¬Å"Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who might oppose him. He expanded the powers of the secret police, encouraged citizens to spy on one another and had millions of people killed or sent to the Gulag system of forced labor camps.Ã¢â¬ (History.com). Similarly in 1984 Big brother knew he couldnt control everything and so he rallied up two groups. One was the thought Police. In the book Winston says that Ã¢â¬Å"The thought police would get him just the same. He had committedwould have committed, even if he had never set pen to paperthe essential crime that contained all others in itself. Thoughtcrime, they called it. Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed forever. You might dodge successfully for a while, even for years, but sooner or later they were bound to get you. [Book 1, Chapter 1] A big political figure is important in this type of society because it gives the rest of the society something to believe. In 1984 Ã¢â¬Å"Just like a tyrant, a despot, a god, or a dictator, big brother demands complete obedience to his rules and lawsÃ¢â¬ (enotes).The black mustachioed face gazed down from every commanding corner. There was one on the house-front immediately opposite. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption said, while the dark eyes looked deep into Winstons own. Down at street level another poster, torn at one corner, flapped fitfully in the wind, alternately covering and uncovering the single word INGSOC. (1.1.4). In 1984 big brother wanted their only to be love in his peoples hearts for only him so he outlawed sexual intercourse and relationships because that showed that you love someone other than him. While big brother was never an actual figure it meant something, Big brother is used Ã¢â¬Å"when you talk about dictators and their authoritarian governments, or to describe abusive intrusions of more democratic governments into their citizens privacy.Ã¢â¬ (vocabulary). The basic meaning of big brother is a dictator. In the soviet union Joseph Stalin was a modern day big brother. Ã¢â¬Å"Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign..Ã¢â¬ (History). Joseph Stalin ruled over his people by putting fear in their hearts. So tha t if theyll never disobey him so he would have a problem with revolts .By having a powerful political figure your showing that their power is unmovable and canÃ¢â¬â¢t be terminated. They are viewed as all knowing and if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t follow them then youÃ¢â¬â¢re wrong and get punished. Both big brother and Stalin made others disappear or vaporized according to George Orwell for disobeying the political figure. Ã¢â¬Å"Stalin had eliminated all likely potential opposition to his leadership by late 1934 and was the unchallenged leader of both party and state. Nevertheless, he proceeded to purge the party rank and file and to terrorize the entire country with widespread arrests and executions. Stalin ruled as absolute dictator of the Soviet Union throughout World War II and until his death in March 1953.Ã¢â¬ (loc). One of the things Stalin did was Ã¢â¬Å"Not only in such things as the faked public trials, the disappearance of leading figures, of writers, of physicists, even of astronomers, but in the invention of a factually non-existent societyÃ¢â¬ .(Guardian). Stalin made sure he made others that wanted to run against him Ã¢â¬Å"disappearÃ¢â¬ by killing them to make sure he stayed in power. To further prevent revolts he killed off those he denied that he was god by having purges to put fear in anyone who thought about disobeying him. In 1984 the act of making someone Ã¢â¬Å"disappearÃ¢â¬ was called vaporizing winston said that People simply disappeared, always during the night. Your name was removed from the registers, every record of everything you had ever done was wiped out, your one-time existence was denied and then forgotten. You were abolished, annihilated:vaporized was the usual wordÃ¢â¬ (Chapter 1). He also said that The diary would be reduced to ashes and himself to vapour. Only the Thought Police would read what he had written, before they wiped it out of existence and out of memory. How could you make appeal to the future when not a trace of you, not even an anonymous word scribbled on a piece of paper, could physically survive? [Book 1, Chapter 2]. Big brother ultimately made others disappear before they could uncover any secrets that could destroy the party. When you were vaporized people remember you but that delete evidence that you were evening living, so when the the new generation came you wouldnt even be remember. This was one of big brother tactics to insure absolute control. Orwell wrote 1984 to show us that society like what he wrote already has happened and can happen again. He compared The Soviet Union and the book 1984 through five comparisons: torture, censorship and propaganda, a big political figure, Vaporizing or killing , and the secret police. While there are other comparisons such as superstates and the party they represent there are other dystopian society that have already happened such as hitler. He used the Joseph Stalins rule over russia to show the comparisons of things that can happen if we dont heed his warning.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The global travel industry can be characterized as an oligopoly where a few market players control a big size of the industry. This is known in economic theory as C4 where the top four firms control 60% or more of an industry's total sales. In this regard, giant American Express is number one, followed by Carlson Wagonlit Travel Tours (a French company) and Kuoni Travel Holding Ltd. (a Swiss company). The fourth largest is Expedia which is entirely Internet-based, being a spin-off from Microsoft Corporation. The three largest brands above may not be household names because they have numerous acquisitions and tie ups with local firms in the countries where they operate. That unfamiliarity may mask their real clout as the four top firms practically control the huge tourism industry globally. Of course, there maybe several smaller firms too but the overall trend in the industry is consolidation through buy-out and acquisitions. The rationale for the travel industry (especially the holi day travel market) is an end-to-end delivery system, starting from inquiry, planning, hotel reservation, plane ticket, sightseeing, sports activities and the return trip. We will write a custom essay sample on The Virgin Companies or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Towards this end, big travel firms are well positioned to take advantage of their wider geographical reach and global delivery systems. The worldwide travel industry can be considered as a generic product in many sense. Although anybody can offer an exotic or out-of-the-way destination, any tourism or travel holiday product can be easily duplicated by any tour operator as the industry has low barriers to entry of new players. This means another tour operator can offer essentially the same type of holiday experience that renders holiday packages more like a commoditised product. It is hard to maintain a competitive advantage for long periods when there are no differentiating factors or price advantages except through discounting. Along this line, the only competitive advantage left is the ability to deliver all the travel-related products like inquiry, planning, ticket and hotel reservations and bookings from only one vendor called vertical integrati on.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own In the novel, Ã¢â¬Å"A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s OwnÃ¢â¬ , the author Virginia Woolf uses stories of interruptions which occur during a short period in a MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The narrative tactic of interrupting this ladyÃ¢â¬â¢s thought processes was used to explain a point about the nature of truth as well as to support the overarching argument that a woman needs a room of her own. The ability of women to write depends on their perceptions, but the barriers and blockades in the world prevent a woman from writing the truths that are found through introspection. A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s situation or condition can vastly change her works and her ability to write. As the author states, Ã¢â¬Å"A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction;Ã¢â¬ (pg. 4) Women often come across barriers in the effort to write. Although they may have profound thoughts and ideas like their male counterparts, these ideas are prevented from reaching completion. In the novel, Mary comes upon a little fish, an idea that is forming, as she faces the river. The little fish of an idea, however, was promptly thrown back into the river by the interruption of the Beadle. Ã¢â¬Å"Instantly a manÃ¢â¬â¢s figure rose to intercept meÃ¢â¬ ¦ His face expressed horror and indignation. Instinct rather than reason came to my help; he was a Beadle; I was a woman. This was the turf; there was the path. Only the Fellows and Scholars are allowed here; the gravel is the place for me.Ã¢â¬ (Woolf 6). Women were not allowed on the turf because they were notShow MoreRelatedA Room Of One s Own By Virginia Woolf1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWoolf, V. (1929). A room of one s own. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co Ã¢â¬ËA Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s OwnÃ¢â¬â¢ by Virginia Woolf, is a feminist text. It is an extended essay, written in a fictional form, however although this book is narrated by a fictional character and narrative, it highlights and discusses the non-fictional reality of women being subordinate to men. The fictional character Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ narrates the books main topic of women and fiction; Call me Mary Beton, Mary Seton, Mary Carmichael or by any name youRead MoreA Room Of One s Own By Virginia Woolf1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1800Ã¢â¬â¢s and even now. Some people think the same; women are made to be oppressed and to be treated badly. From the beginning women were looked as inferior to men. They are confined in an area where they are allowed to do their duties. They were not supposed to get out that localization. They were treated inferior just because they are women. In Charlotte Perkin Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow Wallpaper Ã¢â¬Å"it determines the mental and physical health of a women, h ow the society effect it. In A Rooms of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own by VirginiaRead MoreKate Chopin And Virginia Woolf s A Room Of One s Own Essay1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThrough their works, Kate Chopin and Virginia Woolf were able to portray a certain relationship between women and society. While some literary pieces are optimistic towards women, others are not. In this case, The Awakening, a novella written by Kate Chopin, focuses on the inner battle that the main character Edna faces throughout her life. On the other hand, Virginia WoolfÃ¢â¬â¢s A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own, discusses ideas related to gender inequality. Both women seem to be facing inner turmoil that correlatesRead MoreA Room Of One s Own By Virginia Woolf : Creating A Voice For Women1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVirginia Woolf: Creating a Voice for Women Virginia Woolf, a notable English writer, presented an exceptional essay, A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own, which focuses on women straying away from tradition and focusing on their independence. With WoolfÃ¢â¬â¢s creative ways of thinking, her essay also correlates with Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ and Alice MunroÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Office.Ã¢â¬ A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own emphasizes three major points, creating an image for women: gender inequality, a woman havingRead MoreVirginia Woolf Essay1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVirginia Woolf Virginia Woolf spends much of her time straddling the issues in ?A Room of One?s Own.? She carefully manipulates the reader by burying her points in flowery language and assumes the identity of another person so she does not have to take responsibility for what she says. She is very careful not to come off as too forceful or angry because she knows that her ideas will be disregarded if she does. Woolf is terrified of having her words labeled as ?feminist? and of attractingRead MoreAnalysis Of Virginia Woolf s Woolf 1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinfamous modernist novels and short stories, Virginia Woolf is the way to go. Woolf was famous for a few of her famous novels, many short stories, and her feminist views that were not as normalized as it is today. Because of her work and who she was as a person, WoolfÃ¢â¬â¢s work left a mark on the literary world in the twentieth century. WoolfÃ¢â¬â¢s work is presented in many different ways because of the many ways that she formed her thoug hts onto paper. Woolf has her way with different words and styles,Read MoreA Room Of One s Own1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own is an essay written by writer Virginia Woolf in 1929. The essay follows a persona Woolf creates, Mary, in her thought process to conclude that in order to write fiction, a woman needs money and a room of ones own, both of which women did not have at the time. A Room of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Own is a very detailed piece and requires several readings from different angles to draw out all sorts of information. Throughout this essay, I hope to examine a few of those viewpoints and explore the possibleRead More The Importance of Time in Virginia Woolfs Mrs. Dalloway Essay1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Importance of Time in Virginia Woolfs Mrs. Dalloway We live in a consumer society consuming time. We use time to function smoothly but also to channel the direction of our lives. As a college student, I am constantly aware of time. I have a time frame for finishing my college career, as well as constant deadlines to meet. Daily, I divide my hours between my job, my studies, and my friends. In the midst of following external time, I strive for a balance with my internal time. My personalRead MoreCritical Analysis Paper for a Room of Ones Own1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEssay, A Room of Ones Own English 374: Austen, Bronte, and Woolf Kendra Plowden For centuries women have been forced into a role which denied them equal education opportunities. Virginia Woolfe expresses her frustration on why women were denied privacy in her novel , A Room of Ones Own. Where she compare the traditional lifestyle tailored made for the opposite sex and the sacrafices that came with it. Wendy Gen feels, Though women through the centuries have not always enjoyed rooms of theirRead MoreEssay about Virginia Woolf1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBrush Virginia Woolf is not unlike any other truly good artist: her writing is vague, her expression can be inhibited, and much of her work is up to interpretation from the spectator. JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s Room is one of her novels that can be hard to digest, but this is where the beauty of the story can be found. It is not written in the blatant style of the authors before her chose and even writers today mimic, but rather JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s Room appears more like a written painting than a book. It is as if Woolf appeared
Question: Discuss about the Telecom CRM Framework Network Perspective. Answer: Introduction: In the modern virtual world, one of the major branches of criminal activity is cybercrime. Along with that, due to the increased dependence of people on machines and virtual storage, there is always a threat of loss of information, degradation of network and attack of hackers or viruses, all of which can severely hamper the functions of an organization and invite both legal costs and damage of the reputation of the organization. Thus, it is necessary for organizations to educate themselves on the kinds of threat that could attack a network or system and make sure that the threats could be neutralized before it can damage or hinder the networking procedures of the organization (Berger Heath, 2007). Loss of PII: The loss of Personally Identifiable Information which is stored in the organization with a trust that it will keep it safe contains all the useful information of the owner of the PII that could be used against him if it is ever compromised. Hence, it is necessary for the organization to keep PII secure so that it does not damage its reputation or loses the trust of customers and employees due to negligence and poor security. Degradation of Networking: Since IT companies run on networking, it is important to keep a track of the hardware that connects the machines and makes the networking possible. Along with that, it is also necessary for the software to be updated and to keep a check whether foreign traffic or the inclusion of hackers is not involving in the degradation of the networking procedures in the organization (Duan, Gu Whinston, 2008). Viruses and spywares could also lead to the degradation of networking and it is necessary to prevent the attack of either of these for the security for the transfer of the networking packets. Insider Attack: Insider attack is one of the worst threats that could take place in an organization in which a trusted employee, or former employee could plant some form of malicious device into the system that could harm the company or steal sensitive information from the company and use it for unauthorized purposes for personal gain. Proper security analysis and protected access should be made to make sure that any former employee could not have access to a data and for that the protection or the security pattern of an organization should be flexible, that is, it could be reconstructed and changed when need be. Ransomware: Ransomware is malicious software which locks the systems and threatens to publish the victims data unless a certain amount of ransom as stated is not paid. The Ransomware has attacked systems as recently as 2017 and has come into the limelight due to its ability to stay under the radar of normal antiviruses. The Ransomware software has been known to wreak havoc in any system and targets IT organization for its purpose. Using advanced malware techniques called cryptoviral extortions, the software encrypts the victims files thereby preventing access to the files and then demands a ransom for decrypting the files which on receiving they either decrypt or leave without response (Fisher, 2010). For such a malicious software, it is necessary to keep the virus information updated and for advanced education into the ransomware software to prevent it from ever attacking the IT system of an organization. Theft of IP: The theft of Intellectual Property is a high rising cybercrime where theintellectual property, that is, the plans, ideas and the creative innovation designs of an organization is stolen from their databases and used by people that do not have access, permission or ownership of the said intellectual property (Jansen, Zhang, Sobel Chowdury, 2009). Hackers are generally guilty of stealing intellectual property from the organization and selling it in the market or to competitors at higher prices. Nowadays, every organization acquires, uses and stores the Personally Identifiable Information or PII for their employees, and depending on the nature of the business or area of establishment, the customers, patients, residents and users. PII is any information that can be used to uniquely identify, contact or locate an individual. About 86% of the US population could be accurately identified by their gender, age and ZIP code with the use of PII. Thus, this amount of private information if compromised could fall in the hands of a wrong person and could be used for ill purposes without the original owner of the PII being involved and that could only be traced back to the original owner (Kim Srivastava, 2007). Hence, a compromise of the PII could not only lead to a legal harassment of the original owner of the PII but it could also be used as a perfect cover for performing illicit crimes under a fake identity. Thus, because of this sensitive issue regarding PII, it is expected of the organizations which deals with the acquiring and storing of PIIs to manage this private data very carefully, and keep it secured to protect it from theft, loss, or any form of unauthorized access. Any form of misuse of the private data, or loss, or compromise of any information could lead to legal proceedings, and carry a steep financial loss and damage to the reputation of the organization. Above that, a compromise of PII can also result in the loss of customer trust, employee dissatisfaction and attrition and clean-up costs after the breach. As a result, the necessity to keep PII safe and secure from any form of compromise should be one of the top priorities of an organization (Kim, Le, Lauw, Lim, Liu Srivastava, 2008). The following flow-chart provide an overview of the solutions that an organization should look for while counterattacking any form of breach that might threaten PII: Some way in which PII could be protected are: Encryption:A full disk encryption of PII could make it difficult for an outside to access the information. USB, CD and Removable Media encryption Policy-based Email Encryption File share encryption Central key management and backup Ability to audit encryption status Threat Protection: The protection of endpoints should be necessary and there should be an increase in the security at those points. Detection of known and unknown malware proactively without the need for an update, including viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, suspicious files, suspicious behaviour, potentially unwanted applications (PUAs) and more Antivirus, firewall, application and device control in a single agent Defending all platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, UNIX) Data Loss Prevention: Prevention of data loss by scanning repeatedly the storage places of data and keeping the data stored in several other as backup that should be maintained properly (Leitner Grechenig, 2008). File matching rule: Specified action should be taken based on name or type of file a user is attempting to access or transfer Content rule: Contains one or more data definitions and specifies the action taken if a user attempts to transfer data that matches those definitions Policy Compliance: There should be a strict policy of the organization which should be followed while any kind of data is stored in the organizations storage system. Lists should be maintained and the frequent synchronization and updates should take place to keep the security system active and able to tackle with increasing and modern attackers and their tactics (Leitner Grechenig, 2009). Network Degradation refers to the decrease in the connectivity of a network or the response time of response speed of a network. This severely hampers the working of an organization and it could lead to packets of data being lost in transmission which will only slow down the function of the organization and enable outsiders to steal packets and information (Lorenzo, Constantinides, Geurts Gmez, 2007). Diagnosing network performances and tracing back the reason for the slowing down of network performance is necessary and for that an education into the types of network performances should be conducted. Propagation Delays: Propagation delays can generally occur when there is a problem with routing which results in a delay in the transportation of data from one point of the network to the other. A proper analysis of the causes of delays could prevent this problem. End-Point Problems: This problem tends to occur at the end points that is the terminals or work station which are data destinations and they may experience delays due to insufficient memory or processing capacity. Engineers and developers should consider if there is a fault in the system and try to repair it. Malware or Spyware: The breach of malware or spyware into the system can severely lower the speed of the transfer of data and can infect the packets of data that are moving along in the network traffic. For this problem, a proper antivirus or security measures should be taken to prevent breach of malware or spyware into the system. Fragmentation of the Data Packets: A lot of fragmentation of the data packets can lead to the slowing down of network and the free transfer of data could be hampered because of increases fragmentation (Palmer, 2008). This depresses the functionality of the network at work. Developers should make sure that the data packets are fragmented reasonably so that too much of network degradation does not take place. Denial of Service: Various kinds of outside hacking can lead to the complete denial of service if the hacker has gained control over the system, thus leading to the termination of work on that data unless the hacker is weeded out of the system. Steps should be taken to increase the security of the system to prevent hackers from entering into the network (Stephen Toubia, 2009). For this, penetration testers should be hired to detect weaknesses in the system and thereby, strengthen security. An insider attack is a malicious attack that has been perpetrated upon a system by a person who has authorized access to the system. This makes it more difficult the trace the source of the attack as the insider not only has security access but the insider will also have enough knowledge about the network architecture and system policies making it easier for him to hide under the radar (Trusov, Bodapati Bucklin, 2009). Above that, the organization would generally expend time and money on preventing external attacks thereby keeping a careless eye to internal attacks. Intellectual Property theft is the stealing of organizations ideas, plans and creative property, also known as intellectual property, and thereby taking away the uniqueness and ownership of the intellectual property from the company. This is a high rising cybercrime that needs to be arrested and for this sort of crime, the cyber police need to be contacted in case such a crime does happen. Generally, competitors are the ones who hire hackers to breach into the system of the organization and tend to steal IP so as to get a glimpse of the organizations future plans or to use the stolen IP as their own and get an edge in the market (Wu, Ye, Yang Wang, 2009). For the protection of IP, security measures need to be taken so that the said IP does not get hacked and stolen by hackers and so proper firewalls against malware and spyware needs to be put into place. The ownership of the intellectual property should not be compromised for the future benefit of any organization. Ransomware software is a malicious programme that breaches into the software of a computer, takes control of the files, encrypts the file to prevent user access and demands ransom in exchange of decrypting the said files, or demands ransom so that the private information of the user is not published publicly (Yang, Dia, Cheng Lin, 2006). The Ukraine attack of 2017 and other previously documented attacks have brought ransomware into limelight and it has been charged of invisible notoriety. Block Payload: Software should be installed which could block known payloads that could transmit the malware into the system, thereby preventing the breach of ransomware into the system. Updates: Repeated updates of virus definitions to include new forms of malware and their varieties should be made to mitigate any vulnerability present in the system. Offline Backups: Offline backups should be kept of the necessary files in external storage drives or devices, that is, locations that do not have any access to any network and thus will say safe from the attach of ransomware. Network Segmentation: Network Segmentation is the act of splitting the network of a computer into different subnetworks which are called network segments. This helps in boosting performance and in increased security. Decryption: Since Ransomware works by encrypting the data of a specific system, it is necessary for software to try and decrypt the encrypted data thereby reversing the attack of ransomware. Termination of Connection: This is the optional step that needs to be taken if the ransomware had spread out in a specific system beyond redemption and as a result the entire infected system needs to be plugged out or to be completely disconnected from the network so as to prevent the spreading of the malware into other systems. when the ransomware has spread out beyond repair in one system a complete termination of that system from the network, excluding it from the working of the organization and keeping it isolated, could help prevent the further spreading of ransomware to the other system thus increasing the losses of the organization (Lorenzo, Constantinides, Geurts Gmez, 2007). Hence, from the above examination of the kinds of threat that an IT company could face and the cybercrimes that are rampant in the world of today, it is necessary to include certain aspects into the application product so that it could successfully keep the threat in check, keeping updated with the latest virus definitions and keep all the information of a company secured (Palmer, 2008). This should also have an incident response time so that it can either notify and act accordingly and instantly when a cyber incident occurs. Education: The first necessity of the application should be to educate the user of its uses and how it works. Making Backups A security application should create offline backups in external storage drives or devices that do not have any access to the internet or network during a sudden cyber incident. Network Segmentation Splitting the network into segments increases performance and security and so the application should be able to maintain segments of network. Analysis of Network: The application could be able to analyse and detect internal problems or the source of cyber incidents in the network and notify them to the authorities (Xinogalos, Psannis and Sifaleras, 2012). Anti-Virus and Anti- Malware The application should have properties of anti-virus and anti-malware to prevent it from entering or working in the network. Firewall A strong firewall should be put in place so that any form of threat is immediately blocked from entering. Updates Virus definitions should be updated all the time to keep up with the times. Internal Intrusion Detection Systems Installing Internal Intrusion Detection Systems to detect any form of internal intrusion and create an instant incident notification and reset if necessary. Decryption The application should have the capability to decrypt any form of encrypted files that had been hacked or infected by ransomware. Notifications/Warning Any threat of breach by hackers or outsiders should trigger a warning or notification mechanism so that the authorities are notified of the external interference (Stephen Toubia, 2009). System Reconstruction The application should be intelligent enough to request password changes or system reconstruction where necessary and if permitted by the admin as a response to a cyber incident. Termination of Connection The application should be able to isolate a system from the network if it has been infected so that the infection does not spread, however, after notifying and seeking permission from the admin or the authorities as a reaction to a cyber incident. Reference Berger, J. Heath C., 2007. Where Consumers Diverge from Others: Identity Signalling and Product Domains. Journal of Consumer Research: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly, 34(2), 121-134. Duan, W., Gu, B., Whinston, A. B., 2008. Do online reviews matter? - An empirical investigation of panel data. Decis. 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